Deep in the Amazon basin and covered by the Amazon rainforest, Rondônia is home to several spectacular landmarks and natural environments.
The Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon is a monumental biome spanning 8 countries, about 40% of South America, and approximately 6.7 million square kilometres. It is perhaps the most biodiverse region in the entire world, containing 10% of all known wildlife species, and most likely much more we do not yet know about. On average, a ‘new’ species of animal or plant is being discovered in the Amazon every 3 days! The Amazon rainforest is extremely necessary for the whole of humanity, as people around the world, as well as locally, depend on the Amazon not only for water, food, timber, and natural resources for medicine, but also to help stabilize the global climate. The rainforest plays a key role in global and regional carbon and water cycles and is therefore essential to protect from threats; We all depend on its vital life-sustaining role.
Flora & Fauna
The Amazon rainforest, and Amazon basin at large, is the richest and most diverse biological reservoir on earth, encompassing millions of species of insects, plants, birds, and other forms of life. The rainforest is a complex and layered structure, from the highest canopies of 40 metres above ground, and individual trees called emergents, often rising even 60 metres from the ground. This all hides a wide variety of trees, from myrtle, palm, and acacia, to rosewood and Brazil nut. Under the canopies, networks of smaller trees, plants, and lianas, cover the surface. In all, the rainforest consists of 40,000 different plant species, and 16,000 tree species. It is in these complex systems that the major biodiversity of the rainforest is revealed through its animal and insect life. The Amazon is home to over 800 species of mammals and reptiles, 1,300 birds, and over 1000 amphibian species. Major wildlife includes the jaguar, tapir, red deer, and capybara, as well as several other endangered or threatened species, including the poison dart frog, Amazon macaw, black spider monkey, and golden lion tamarin monkey.