Chihuahua and Climate Change
Although the Chihuahuan desert is primarily dry and arid, it possesses a varied climate and geography, which is reflective of the state of Chihuahua as a whole. It is one of the most biologically diverse deserts in the world, boasting 3 000 plant species – including more than 500 of the world’s 1 500 species of cactus, over 110 types of native freshwater fish species, nesting sites and migratory habitats for more than 500 bird species, and North America’s largest colony of prairie dogs. However, the whole region is degraded and endangered by various threats, particularly climate change. This is a magnificent region in need of protection, support, and a commitment to combatting climate change.
Renewable technologies such as solar power require no water for electricity production, in contrast to water-intensive fossil fuel generation. This is a huge advantage in the search for sustainability in the dry Chihuahuan desert, where water is a scarce commodity typically reserved for agriculture and the ranching industry. Suffering the consequences of climate change, vast tracts of land in the state of Chihuahua have been left barren and unusable. However, coupled with the extremely high solar exposure of the region, the land and Los Santos Solar I power plant come together to deliver clean energy to Mexico for the long term, while curbing the disastrous effects of climate change.