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Central Santa Elena


Araucaria araucana, the national tree of Chile

Native to the Chilean south-central Andes in the Araucania region, the Araucaria Aruncana tree is the national tree of Chile. The tree is commonly called the monkey puzzle tree, monkey trail tree or Chilean pine. The Araucaria Aruncana is also called a living fossil because of the prevalence of similar species in ancient prehistory. Its conservation status was changed to Endangered by the IUCN in 2013 due to the dwindling population caused by logging, forest fires and grazing. With his diameter that can grow up to 1-1.5 m and his height up to 30-40 m, the Araucaria Aruncana tree is very recognizable, hence being the national tree of Chile. Now cultivated in other parts of the world, the Araucaria Aruncana tree represents the Araucania region and Chile wherever it goes.

Araucaria araucana in video